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EARLY HERALDRY

A brief canvass note from historical heraldry

 


“The panther is an animal which in its relation to heraldry it is difficult to know whether to place amongst the mythical or actual animals. No instance occurs to me in which the panther figures as a charge in British heraldry, and the panther is a supporter, in the few cases in which it is met with, is certainly not the actual animal, inasmuch as it is invariable found flammant, i.e. with flames issuing from the mouth and ears. In this character it will be found as a supporter of the Duke of Beaufort, and derived therefrom as a supporter of Lord Raglan. Foreign heraldry carries the panther to a most curious result. It is frequently represented with the tail of a lion, horns, and for its fore-legs the claws of an eagle. Even in England it is usually represented vomiting flames, but the usual method of depicting it on the Continent is greatly at variance with our own… the arms of Styria – Vert, a panther argent, armed close, vomiting flames of fire – from the title-page of the ‘Land-bond’ of Styria (1523, drawn by Hans Burgkmair). In ‘Physiologus,’ a Greek writing of early Christian times of about the date 140… mention is made of the panther, to which is there ascribed the gaily spotted coat and the pleasant, sweet-smelling breath which induces all other animals to approach it; the dragon along retreats into its hole from the smell, and consequently the panther appears to have sometimes been used as a symbol of Christ.”

A COMPLETE GUIDE TO HERALDRY, by A. C. Fox-Davies

 

George Faber declares the original name of Jesus was Jescua Hammassiah. Godfrey Higgins has discovered two references, one in the Midrashjoheleth and the other in the Abodazara [early Jewish commentaries on the Scriptures], to the effect that the surname of Joseph’s family was Panther, for in both of these works it is stated that a man was healed “in the name of Jesus ben Panther." The name Panther establishes a direct connection between Jesus and Bacchus who was nursed by panthers and is sometimes depicted riding either on one of these animals or in a chariot drawn by them. The skin of the panther was also sacred in certain of the Egyptian initiatory ceremonials. The monogram IHS now interpreted to mean Iesus Hominum Salvator [Jesus Savior of Men], is another direct link between the Christian and the Bacchic rites. IHS is derived from Greek which as its numerical value 608 signifies, is emblematic of the sun and constituted the sacred and concealed name of Bacchus. [See The Celtic Druids, by Godfrey Higgins.] The question arises, Was early Roman Christianity confused with the worship of Bacchus because of the numerous parallelisms in the two faiths? If the affirmative can be proved, many hitherto incomprehensible enigmas of the New Testament will be solved.
Manly P. Hall, Secret Teachings [go Philosophical Research Society]

 

Physiologus wrote, that the panther was a great friend of all animals with the exception of the dragon (symbol of evil). Physiologus continued and explained how the panther slept in its den for three days (like Christ in the grave); then rose, howled and released from his mouth an immensely sweet scent, that lured all the animals to follow him so he could embrace them.

The panther therefore symbolized Christ and his resurrection as well as the spreading of the good word announced in the Gospel (the sweet scent), so that mankind should follow it.

 

The symbol of the panther is thousands of years old. It can be found on pictures in caverns from Stone Age and later in all early cultures from Asia Minor to Egypt and Greece. In Greek mythology, it is depicted together with the god Dionysius. Later, it appeared in the Roman Bachus, and with them it spread over all Mediterranean countries during the ancient times. In early Christianity, the writer Physiologus from Alexandria used the image of a panther in his book about animals, as a symbol for the Gospel diffusion. The idea was that the panther diffuses a sweet scent (which was a symbol of the Gospel), and animals that follow this scent are also caught by it. His only enemy was a dragon (a symbol of evil).

 

 

THE AGE OF CHIVALRY

 

Originally, the culture of chivalry is traced to a military mindset, based on a pure ideal of Mars [iron] as the noble hero. The word chevalier in French appears in many Tarot Decks [suits], designed during the early and late Middle Ages. The word suggests a mounted soldier or knight, in elite and high standing in the community of those associated with weapons,
principles of loyalty, and the code of honor. See King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, and The Holy Grail.

Artist: Walter Crane - Arthur Draws the Sword from the Stone
King Arthur’s Knights: The Tales Re-Told for Boys and Girls
London: T. C. and E. C. Jack, 1911

Artist: Arthur Hughes - Sir Galahad, 1870
oil on canvas
Galleries on Merseyside, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool

Artist: Arthur Rackham - How Sir Lancelot Fought a Fiendly Dragon
The Romance of King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table
London: Macmillan, 1917

Poetry: Alfred Tennyson arranged his twelve Arthurian poems to describe a life cycle that corresponded with the cycle of seasons, the early tales of hope and promise set in spring, the stories of sensuality and passion in summer, the sagas of decay and decline in autumn, and the completion in barren winter. He framed the poems with a "Dedication" to Prince Albert, written in commemoration of his death in 1861, and the epilogue "To the Queen," written in 1872, underscoring the work’s national significance.

-Debra N. Mancoff, The Return of King Arthur, The Legend through Victorian Eyes

 

A Manual of HERALDRY

several notes are from the book by Sir Francis J. Grant

Sample of Heraldic terms:

ARGENT The French word for silver, of which metal all white fields or charges are supposed to consist.

AZURE The French word for blue: it is represented in heraldic engraving by parallel lines, horizontally.

BEND. One of the honourable ordinaries formed by two diagonal lines drawn from the dexter chief to the sinister base; it generally occupies a fifth part of the shield if uncharged, but if charged, one-third.

CANTON. The French word for corner. It is a small square figure, generally placed at the dexter chief of the shield. When it is charged the size may be increased. It is said to represent the banner of the ancient knights banneret.

CHIEF One of the honourable ordinaries. It is placed on the upper part of the shield and contains a third part of it. Illustration: Locations on a shield

DOLPHIN Fishacre bore Gules a dolphin silver. Two Dolphins with a ribbon compose the constellation of Pisces, the Two Fishes. Note: The Dolphin, Narwhal, and Blue Whale are early symbols of Jesus Christ. [see also The Unicorn]

DOVE The Tallow Chandlers of London had a grant in 1456 of Six pieces azure and silver with three doves in the azure each with an olive sprig in her beak.

EAGLE Siggeston bore Silver a two-headed eagle sable. Siggeston Coat of Arms

EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND Heraldry representing the city of Edinburgh, Scotland

ENSIGNED. This word, in heraldic description, means having some charge placed above.

FIMBRIATED. An ordinary having a narrow border of a different tincture is said to be fimbriated.

GULES. Signifies red. It is represented in engraving by lines running parallel with each other, from the chief to the base.

HARP National Arms of Ireland. The traditional and well-known arms of Ireland are Azure a harp or (gold harp on blue field). Generally known as the Brian Bó Rúadh harp, for a famous Irish king, who died in 1014. It is located in the Trinity college library in Dublin.

KING ARTHUR'S FULL ARMS. Late French style: Azure, thirteen crowns Or; crest a dragon Or issuant from a crown; mantlings: parry azure and Or, lined ermine; supporters; two white greyhounds collared gules; motto: "Pendragon." The greyhounds are probably borrowed from the arms of the contemporary king of England, Henry VII.

KNIGHT A title of honour conferred upon a subject for eminent services performed in war. In the course of time, knights who had gained riches and high titles formed societies under the control and direction of their monarchs in every part of Europe.

LION Henry of Lancaster, second son of Edmund Crouchback, bore the arms of his cousin, the King of England, with the difference of a baston azure LANCASTER coat of arms image

MANTLE A long robe or cloak of state.

MERCURY The name of the planet, used by ancient heralds to describe purple in blazoning the arms of sovereigns.

MIDDLE-EARTH Emblems and Heraldry. Elves, Men, Dwarves, and even Maiar in Middle-earth are all known to have used emblems, arms and heraldic devices of various kinds.

OAK Trees and Plants have been widely used through the ages as charges on shields. For Trees, the Oak tree appears to be the most widely used in the tree category. Illustrations of trees and plants on a shield.

OR The French word for gold. This tincture is denoted in engraving by small points.

ORLE Is a perforated inescutcheon composed of double lines going round the shield at some distance from its edge; it is half the width of the bordure.

PALE One of the honourable ordinaries formed by two perpendicular lines drawn from the base to the chief. The pale occupies one-third of the shield.

PHOENIX A coat of arms representing the city of Cirencester, England. go to Phoenix navigation.

POTTER, HARRY The Most Ancient and Noble House of Black - see also the four houses of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry @ Ghosts of Hogwarts. go Harry Potter Navigation

SALTIRE One of the honourable ordinaries, by Scottish heralds called St. Andrew’s Cross, being a representation of the cross of his martyrdom. It is formed of two bands crossed diagonally in the form of the letter X. If uncharged it occupies one-fifth of the shield, if charged one-third.

SHIELD Lozenge Shield: The escutcheons of maiden ladies and widows are painted on a lozenge-shaped shield. Pointed Shield: The Norman pointed shield is generally used in Heraldic paintings in ecclesiastical buildings. Shield, heater: The best known heraldic shield is that called the heater-shaped, a type common during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Tourament Shield: A tournament shield - heraldry, defence.

SIR GAWAIN Sir Gawain's shield: Gules, a pentagle Or. Arms of Sir Sawain: Purpure, a double-headed eagle Or.

SIR LANCELOT DU LAC: Argent, three bends Gules.

SWAN symbol of the mysteries
The grace and purity of the swan were emblematic of the spiritual grace and purity of the initiate. This bird also represented the Mysteries which unfolded these qualities in humanity. This explains the allegories of the gods [the secret wisdom] incarnating in the body of a swan [the initiate].
J.R.R. Tolkien frequently refers to the Swan, the water carriers of the Elves were fashioned to appear as swans gliding on the silver Anduin River, and other places of Middle-earth. go Lothlorien and Rivendell
Traditional: The Swan is associated with the soul of Orpheus, the patron of music. Stated in Plato's Republic: Orpheus, upon being destined to live again in the physical world, chose to return in the body of a swan. [The head of Orpheus was cast with his seven-stringed lyre into the river Hebrus, down which it floated to the sea, where, wedging in a cleft in a rock, it gave oracles for many years. The lyre, after being stolen from its shrine and working the destruction of the thief, was picked up by the gods and fashioned into a constellation.] - also see the Led Zeppelin Cartouche
SWAN GORGED
A swan's head erased at the neck, ducally gorged or. GORGED. Any animals, particularly birds, that have collars round the neck, are said to be gorged. -Hall, 1862

WASHINGTON FAMILY COAT OF ARMS The Coat of Arms of George Washington's family. It is said to be in inspiration of the stars and stripes on the flag of the United States.

WOLF Coat of Arms: Lovett of Astwell has three running wolves

.... Numerous instances may be found, either in stained glass, monumental brasses, or illuminated genealogies, of female figures bearing heraldic devices on their apparel. A married lady or widow had her paternal arms emblazoned upon the fore part of her vest, which by ancient writers is called the kirtle, and the arms of the husband on the mantle, being the outer and most costly garment, and therefore deemed the most honourable. This is called bearing arms kirtle and mantle.

.... The harp, now used to represent Ireland, was first introduced into the royal arms at the Union of the Crowns in 1603. It had previously, however, appeared on the Irish coins of the Tudor sovereigns, which, before that time, had borne the three crowns in pale, which had been granted by Richard II. to Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland, as an augmentation to his arms. It was also carried at the funeral of Queen Elizabeth as the banner of Ireland.

 

Arms from the fourteenth-century Zuricher Wappenrolle
[Zurich Roll of Arms]

 

Books about Matthew Paris

ASPILOGIA Being Materials Of Heraldy:: A Catalogue of ENGLISH MEDIEVAL ROLLS OF ARMS / ROLLS OF ARMS Henry III. The Matthew Paris Shields c.1244-59. Glover's Roll, c.1253-8 & Walford's Roll, c.1273. Additions & Corrections to A Catalogue Of

Chronicles of Matthew Paris: Monastic Life in the Thirteenth Century. Edited, translated and with an introduction by Richard Vaughan

The Illustrated Chronicles of Matthew Paris Observations of Thirteenth-Century Life: translated, edited and with an introduction by Richard Vaughan; illustrations selected by Nigel Wilkins; photography by Ian Cannell.

Other Resources

Artist: Edward Burne-Jones, The Arming and Departure of the Knights and Sir Galahad, 1858

Arthur: High King of Britian, by Michael Morpurgo
Illustrated Michael Foreman

The Manual of Heraldry, by Arthur Hall; London: J. S. Virtue & Co., 1862

 


 

 

The colours used in heraldic achievements are called tinctures. They are divided into metals, colours and furs. left, shield of King Arthur [standard, 3 golden crowns in either red [English] or blue [French] early fifteenth century

METALS
The two metals of heraldry are gold [OR] and silver [ARGENT]. Gold is represented by yellow, silver by white. Metallic colours are not used alongside white and yellow on the same achievement. Steel helmets are depicted as gray.

COLOURS
The traditional heraldic colours are: red [gules], blue [azure], green [vert], purple [purpure], and black [sable].
Additional colours are sometimes used, but considered untraditional: orange or tawny, dark red, and sky-blue.

Tenne, orange or tawny, is marked by diagonal lines drawn from the sinister to the dexter side of the shield, traversed
by perpendicular lines from the chief.
Sanguine is dark red, or murrey colour: it is represented by diagonal lines crossing each other.

FURS
Furs are worn by royalty and peers - garments of state that denote dignity.
They are sometimes used on the shield as decoration.

 

 

     Orlando Bloom Flicks    


Balain [Orlando Bloom] @ star menu

Kingdom of Heaven Stills

Knights ride into battle ~ Forest scene and white cross on black
King Baldwin IV wears Jerusalem Cross ~ Tiberius [Jeremy Irons] between moments ~ Director Ridley Scott
Jerusalem Cross, an early Christian mandala symbol of the Crusades
as of the Third Crusade [1189] hereditary decorations of weapons of warfare were in existence.
Robin Hood Licensed Movie Replicas straight from the Russell Crowe / Ridley Scott 2010 Movie, Robin Hood
Robin Hood page feature: Robin of Sherwood

also, Indianna Jones and the Last Crusade: George Lucas - Harrison Ford -

Prince Paris of Troy

 

THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS ORDER OF THE GOLDEN FLEECE © Guy Stair Sainty, gives the date as A. D. 1430
As Raglan Castle heraldry demonstrates within the Herbert family coat-of-arms, there is clearly a combined English and French heraldry entering the mainstream in Europe at this point. Construction of the Raglan Castle we know today began around 1430, according to historical records about the castle's many stages of development. The Herbertorum Prosapia shows the Herbert arms halved with those of the Gam family at the time. Aside from the heraldry factor, keep St. Joan of Arc in mind. Her 5/30/1431 "trial"
and execution in Rouen’s marketplace probably played a role in the movement by noblility to establish more civilized relations through Christian mysticism. [check Phoenix legend]

 

 

 

Katharine Hepburn as Eleanor of Aquitaine in, The Lion in Winter [comparison w/Hillary Clinton].
opposite Peter O'Toole as Henry II of England. Example [for astrologers]: Moon, The Domestic Urge, governs kiva, home, psyche, and legacy. Hepburn’s Moon @ 27° Taurus 31’ in Seventh House
Alienor d'Aquitaine's Moon 8° Cancer 27’ in exact conjunction with Hillary’s Venus in her 5th Dept. of Life [w/i 1 perfect] and conjunct Hillary’s Mercury; Clinton's Moon 29° Pisces 12’ 10th Dept. of Life, with Alienor’s Vesta 21° Sag on her 11th cusp, conjunct Hillary’s Pisces Moon. January 21st Hilary Clinton was confirmed as the nation's 67th Secretary of State. Her first full day on the job: 1-22-09.   rt., Eileen Atkins, Eleanor in Robin Hood

 

The Antioch Chalice * John Davidson Rockefeller

European Nobility and Chivalric Orders
Coat of Arms and Flags - Coat of Arms
Excellent reference page coat of arms * heraldry * symbols
Ancient symbols - Austrian Flags
go Women Rock information about Mercury in the Zodiac

 

 

 

"It did not matter whether certain animals existed; what did matter was what they meant."
   - T. H. White

 

Harry Potter heraldry - the four houses, ghosts, and symbols * go Harry Potter navigation [see Transfiguration or search for Animigas, as Professor McGonagall Gray and Black Cat with Square Markings Around Eyes, or Rita Skeeter Black and Red Beetle with Square Markings Around Eyes]

American Monuments * Future Heraldry Princess Diana as Goddess
Reference text

 

 

     Alba, the sword of William Wallace     

[some 5 feet 4 inches long] is very similar to Anduril, the sword of Aragorn.

Check with: Mel Gibson * Gérard Depardieu * Princess Diana and @ footnotes - choose your Tartan

 

Important Mystical Trees

Some important trees in spiritual heraldry
Arwen's Garden ACACIA - OLIVE

Arwen's Garden PALM - ZUCCHINI

The Bach Flower Remedy List
J. K. Rowling raw materials for magical wands correspond with The Celtic Tree Calendar: "I gave Harry a wand made of holly wood back in 1990, when I first drafted chapter six of ‘Philosopher’s Stone’. It was not an arbitrary decision: holly has certain connotations that were perfect for Harry, particularly when contrasted with the traditional associations of yew, from which Voldemort’s wand is made. European tradition has it that the holly tree (the name comes from ‘holy’) repels evil, while yew, which can achieve astonishing longevity (there are British yew trees over two thousand years old), can symbolise both death and resurrection; the sap is also poisonous... Ron, who was born in the February 18 - March 17 period, was given an ash wand (I think I had originally marked him down for beech), and Hermione, who was born between September 2 and September 29, received a vine wood wand..." check Divination Class
Study 2b/2b [Tolkien exercise] @ The Divining Nation

 

 

Theda Bara Cleopatra photo gallery
Key Egyptian patterns
Éowyn in front of the Banner of Rohan - Meduseld, The Lord of the Rings
Faramir: "Where does my allegiance lie, if not here?"
The White Tree of Minas Tirith
go to the Middle-earth Inn for pages about J.R.R. Tolkien

 


Aztec Gods, Goddesses symbols inc. 7th heaven
JADE, Olmec symbol of nobility, wise council, honour,and magic

Olmec jades are the most beautiful stones worked in Mesoamerica
see Olmec Art at Dumbarton Oaks [Harvard Report]

 

 

BACK Champion, Fighter, Gladiator

The Crusades - Knights Templar go First Knight and Name of the Rose
@ Sean Connery Star Menu
Kingdom of Heaven @ Orlando Bloom
Gladiators Part 2 go Kingdom of Heaven
BACK Raglan Deva ~ The Introduction

White Jade Horse

Central Led Zeppelin Index
* Robert Plant Star Menu
Second Wave John Paul Jones aura

Winchester Castle, Hampshire The Great Hall and Round Table, on the wall: first and finest of all 13th century halls, with the greatest symbol of medieval mythology, The Round Table of King Arthur.

 

 

The destruction of the fellowship of the Round Table, and the death of Arthur, may be described in the Annales Cambriae [the Annals of Wales], which refers to the 'battle of  Camlann, where Arthur and Medraut fell'. Medraut [Mordred] is sometimes portrayed as Arthur's own kin, but always an incarnation of evil: to defeat him, Arthur must sacrifice himself.
see Sean Connery, First Knight

 

 

THE HOLY GRAIL in ART - KNIGHT of THE HOLY GRAIL

Heraldry in film is essential if the audience is to intuitively embrace the energy of the story and each individual as development of the character advances during a movie. Films with heraldry as key to a storyline: Braveheart, 'First Knight', 'The Lion In Winter', and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade - these films provide memory of lost chords. They can be overwhelming reminders of the common bond for our waking consciousness. Tolkien's fantasy is so vivid, both for written page and silver screen, because everything he created is part of old Europe. Films with that resonance of common ancestry are usually listed as favorites by all age groups, in part due to authentic historical legacies we share.

left,, one of the knights on the window of a Venice church reproduced in the Grail Diary of Dr. Jones [Sean Connery]

Tolkien drew from Norse legends as well. His wizards reveal characteristics akin to Odin, the Norse god, believed to have fashioned the universe, created man and established the laws that controlled the destiny of the world.

Click 'Lion In Winter' poster above for Katharine Hepburn fanpage. Prince Valiant and Queen Aleta, figures from the Arthurian Legend, became an integral part of American life. They appeared the Sunday paper each week for decades. After several years, the comic strip eventually inspired a film with Robert Wagner, Janet Leigh, and James Mason.

Most Tarot decks of the Middle Ages show the city of the artist or his patron as a backdrop model for New Jerusalem, Tarot Trump XXI. The Visconti Tarot is a classic 'old school' image with geometric design for the victorious soul. Well known decks created a blend of the inner mysteries and ideas atmospherically current at the time of the artist's rendering. Cards were painted with the background, theme or sub-text point of centre based on the collective consciousness where the deck was produced. Biblical verse, a common association, is found in the Book of Revelations, Chapter 21. See the Twelve Tribes of Israel Banners. Symbols go back to Moses, the Lawgiver [at least] because the camp formed a circle with the Ark of the Covenent in the centre.

Several films in the sci-fi genre refer to the suggestion of New Jerusalem, as the 'last human city' Zion, in The Matrix trilogy, and the futuristic world in the supernatural Nicolas Cage thriller, Knowing.

'The Last Valley' [and other gems from Michael Caine] and 'Brigadoon' angle the vision of Trump XXI so the city represents promise of the triumphant soul with an infusion of intense energy directly pertaining to the story being told.

One of the most straightforward statements guaranteed to hold the attention of an audience fast...

"The wall was built of diamond, and the city of pure gold, like polished glass."

-Revelation 21

 

EL CID is Spain's patron saint. The film picks up his story in the year 1043, when El Cid (Charleton Heston) takes a 'short cut' to meet his bride (Sophia Loren) and rescues a mission under attack by a Morrish warlord, Ben Yussef (Herbert Lom) - a pivotal moment in life follows. El Cid is moved by spirit to free the dreaded Moors he overcomes in battle, gaining their oath to never attack Castile. In the process he wins the allies needed to overcome a far greater threat to Europe.

 

Aside from starring as Charles II in this swashbuckler adventure-gem, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. wrote and produced 'The Exile' in 1947, following his service in the Navy. English history buffs consider 'The Exile' an accurate (fictional) drama and a romantic powerhouse, on a par with 'Captain Blood' for pure movie-going enjoyment. Director Max Ophuls first American film. Screen Director's Playhouse Audio Classics - 'The Exile'. Cinema - German page excellent stills from film

By extension, the ever-popular, effervescent book turned stage play, turned flick-fave 'Finian's Rainbow' (Fred Astaire's last film) leads to the rainbow's end and heart of gold. Tagline: If all you want out of a movie is a great, big, wonderful time - just follow the rainbow - whistle the songs - and join in the fun.
Welsh heraldry is prominent in Zeppelin cult classic, 'The Song Remains The Same' ~ so full of symbols, mystic signs, portents and cosmic forces, it should be analyzed as evolving life form rather than a movie.
United States The Capitol and U.S. Constitution
check Enchantress, Shaman, Sorcerer, Witches, and Wizards

 

 

To Raglan Castle (thanks to Support English Ale great front view of Raglan Castle)
Return to The Deva of Raglan Castle, Part III

The Song Remains the Same Raglan Castle, lg image

Fonts * Castles * Haunted Castle [family page]

 

 

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